The ISAE-SUPAERO Department of Aerospace vehicles design and control (DCAS) supports activities related to the design and development of aerospace systems.
The DCAS delivers teaching in the fields of :
- Flight mechanics, Aircraft design, UAVs
- Space mechanics, Space system design
- Human factors, neuro-ergonomics
- Control theory, guidance, navigation and control (GNC)
These courses are delivered within the ISAE SUPAERO engineering progam and the Masters’ programs. They provide scientific and conceptual knowledge and skills. Practical know-how is developed through training sessions on the flight simulators (Pegase and Six Mouv) and aerospace environment simulation software.
The DCAS conducts its own research and is involved in national and European research projects. DCAS researchers belong to three research groups:
- Aerospace vehicle design (7 research faculty, 12 research engineers and post-doctoral students)
- Decision and Control (5 research faculty, 8 research engineers, and post-doctoral students)
- Neuro-ergonomics and human factors (3 research faculty, 11 research engineers, and post doctoral students)
The research groups collaborate on the following topics:
Design and operation of safer aircraft
- Aircraft/UAVs: critical flight cases (ex: exiting the flight envelope, incoherence of parameters/complex failures, sub-system failures),
- Crew/operator: limited cognitive states (ex: attentional tunneling, perseveration, fatigue),
- Robust control
- Defining a process of intelligent driving and supervision to optimize flight security.
- Developing a self-adaptive control and operation system, tolerant to failures
Using the extensive resources available to the department including simulators, flying platforms and associated software packages (TB20 system….), Neuroergo-lab, and the indoor cockpit, this research area allows the DCAS to innovate in the field of human factors (with the development of adaptive cockpits) and automated systems/decision: Fail safe laws, auto-reconfigurable driving system at sub-system failures.
Integrated multidisciplinary design of aircraft
Through different areas such as flight mechanics, aircraft design (multi-physical and multi-domain modelling) and control, the objective of this research is to define optimal integrated design methods and algorithms, aerodynamic models, structure, propulsion, environment models, etc. and the study of strong and weak coupling between models.
The resources under development such as the Multidisciplinary Design Analysis and Optimization (MDAO) workshop and the flight demonstrator are driving innovation : applied to the design of a BWB flying wing, to distributed propulsion and design of high aspect ratio aircraft, applied to design of sub-systems (electrical deicing systems, demonstrators) implemented in a complete workshop for Multi-domain Modelling, Simulation and Analysis within the framework of the OpenMDAO.
Advanced space concepts
This research topic focuses on various challenges within the framework of future concepts (within 15 years) including space debris management, autonomous navigation-based missions towards asteroids, in-orbit servicing for telecommunication satellites, space traffic management, and architecture of inhabited space stations on the surface of the Moon or Mars , among others.
Using a system engineering approach and developing space system design software packages which integrate already existing tools at the DCAS, this area explores the following points: adaptation and/or development of design methods, a specific focus on interface management, architecture of large structures for inhabited exploration missions, formalization of trajectories and attitude control from launch phase to rendez vous phase on LEO, GEO, and orbits about Lagrangian Points.
Flow of scientific publications of the DCAS
(2017) Applied Ergonomics, vol. 62 pp. 227-236 ISSN 0003-6870
(2017) Journal of Fluids and Structures, vol. 69 pp. 402-427 ISSN 0889-9746
(2016) International Journal of Psychophysiology, vol. 112 pp. 40-45 ISSN 0167-8760
(2017) In : IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2016), 9 October 2016 - 12 October 2016 (Budapest)
(2016) In : AIAA SciTech Forum 2017, 9 January 2017 - 13 January 2017 (Grapevine, Texas, USA)
In : IEEE Systems Conference 2017, 24 April 2017 - 27 April 2017 (Montréal)